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       figlet [ -cklnoprstvxDELNRSWX ] [ -d fontdirectory ]
              [ -f fontfile ] [ -m layoutmode ]
              [ -w outputwidth ] [ -C controlfile ]
              [ -I infocode ] [ message ]


       FIGlet prints its input using  large  characters  (called  ``FIGcharac-
       ters'')made  up  of  ordinary  screen  characters (called ``sub-charac-
       ters'').  FIGlet output is generally reminiscent of the sort of  ``sig-
       natures''  many people like to put at the end of e-mail and UseNet mes-
       sages.  It is also reminiscent of the output of some  banner  programs,
       although it is oriented normally, not sideways.

       FIGlet  can  print in a variety of fonts, both left-to-right and right-
       to-left, with adjacent FIGcharacters kerned and ``smushed'' together in
       various  ways.  FIGlet fonts are stored in separate files, which can be
       identified by the suffix ``.flf''.  Most  FIGlet  font  files  will  be
       stored in FIGlet's default font directory.

       FIGlet  can  also  use  ``control files'', which tell it to map certain
       input characters to certain other characters, similar to  the  Unix  tr
       command.  Control files can be identified by the suffix ``.flc''.  Most
       FIGlet control files will be stored in FIGlet's default font directory.

       You  can  store FIGlet fonts and control files in compressed form.  See


       Just start up FIGlet (type ``figlet'') and then type whatever you want.
       Alternatively,  pipe  a  file  or the output of another command through
       FIGlet, or put input on the command line after the options.  See  EXAM-
       PLES for other things to do.


       FIGlet reads command line options from left to right, and only the last
       option that affects a parameter has any effect.   Almost  every  option
       has  an  inverse,  so that, for example, if FIGlet is customized with a
       shell alias, all the options are usually still available.

       Commonly-used options are -f, -c, -k, -t, -p and -v.

       -f fontfile
              Select the font.  The .flf suffix may be left off  of  fontfile,
              in which case FIGlet automatically appends it.  FIGlet looks for
              the file first in the default font directory  and  then  in  the
              current directory, or, if fontfile was given as a full pathname,

       -x     These options handle the justification  of  FIGlet  output.   -c
              centers  the  output  horizontally.   -l makes the output flush-
              left.  -r makes it flush-right.  -x (default) sets the  justifi-
              cation  according to whether left-to-right or right-to-left text
              is selected.   Left-to-right  text  will  be  flush-left,  while
              right-to-left  text  will be flush-right.  (Left-to-right versus
              right-to-left text is controlled by -L, -R and -X.)

       -w outputwidth
              These options control  the  outputwidth,  or  the  screen  width
              FIGlet assumes when formatting its output.  FIGlet uses the out-
              putwidth to determine when to break lines and how to center  the
              output.  Normally, FIGlet assumes 80 columns so that people with
              wide terminals won't annoy the people they e-mail FIGlet  output
              to.  -t sets the outputwidth to the terminal width.  If the ter-
              minal width cannot be determined, the  previous  outputwidth  is
              retained.   -w  sets  the  outputwidth to the given integer.  An
              outputwidth of 1 is a special value that tells FIGlet  to  print
              each  non-space  FIGcharacter,  in  its  entirety, on a separate
              line, no matter how wide it is.

       -n     These options control how  FIGlet  handles  newlines.   -p  puts
              FIGlet  into  ``paragraph mode'', which eliminates some unneces-
              sary line breaks when piping a multi-line file  through  FIGlet.
              In  paragraph mode, FIGlet treats line breaks within a paragraph
              as if they were merely blanks between words.  (Specifically,  -p
              causes  FIGlet to convert any newline which is not preceded by a
              newline and not followed by a space character into a blank.)  -n
              (default)  puts  FIGlet  back  to normal, in which every newline
              FIGlet reads causes it to produce a line break.

       -E     -D switches to the German (ISO  646-DE)  character  set.   Turns
              `[',  `\'  and `]' into umlauted A, O and U, respectively.  `{',
              `|' and `}' turn into the  respective  lower  case  versions  of
              these.   `~' turns into s-z.  -E turns off -D processing.  These
              options are deprecated,  which  means  they  probably  will  not
              appear in the next version of FIGlet.

       -C controlfile
       -N     These options deal with FIGlet controlfiles.  A controlfile is a
              file containing a list of commands  that  FIGlet  executes  each
              time it reads a character.  These commands can map certain input
              characters to other characters, similar to the Unix  tr  command

       -o     These  options  control how FIGlet spaces the FIGcharacters that
              it outputs.   -s  (default)  and  -S  cause  ``smushing''.   The
              FIGcharacters  are  displayed as close together as possible, and
              overlapping sub-characters are removed.  Exactly which sub-char-
              acters  count  as  ``overlapping'' depends on the font's layout-
              mode, which is defined by the font's author.  -k causes  ``kern-
              ing''.   As many blanks as possible are removed between FIGchar-
              acters, so that  they  touch,  but  the  FIGcharacters  are  not
              smushed.   -W  makes  FIGlet  display all FIGcharacters at their
              full width, which may be fixed or  variable,  depending  on  the

              The  difference  between  -s  and -S is that -s will not smush a
              font whose author specified kerning or full width as the default
              layoutmode, whereas -S will attempt to do so.

              If there is no information in the font about how to smush, or if
              the -o option is specified, then the FIGcharacters  are  ``over-
              lapped''.  This means that after kerning, the first subcharacter
              of each FIGcharacter  is  removed.   (This  is  not  done  if  a
              FIGcharacter contains only one subcharacter.)

       -m layoutmode
              Specifies  an  explicit layoutmode between 1 and 63.  Smushmodes
              are explained  in  figfont.txt,  which  also  provides  complete
              information  on  the  format  of a FIGlet font.  For the sake of
              backward compatibility with versions of FIGlet before  2.2,  -m0
              is  equivalent  to  -k,  -m-1  is  equivalent to -W, and -m-2 is
              equivalent to -s.  The -m switch is normally used only  by  font
              designers testing the various layoutmodes with a new font.

       -I infocode
              These options print various information about FIGlet, then exit.
              If several of these options are given on the command line,  only
              the  last  is  executed,  and  only after all other command-line
              options have been dealt with.

              -v prints version  and  copyright  information,  as  well  as  a
              ``Usage:  ...''   line.  -I prints the information corresponding
              to the given infocode in a consistent, reliable  (i.e.,  guaran-
              teed to be the same in future releases) format.  -I is primarily
              intended to be used by programs that use FIGlet.   infocode  can
              be any of the following.

              -1 Normal operation (default).
                     This  infocode  indicates that FIGlet should operate nor-
                     mally, not giving any  informational  printout,  printing
                     its input in the selected font.

                     did not have the -I option.

              2 Default font directory.
                     This  will  print  the  default  font  directory.   It is
                     affected by the -d option.

              3 Font.
                     This will print the name of the font  FIGlet  would  use.
                     It is affected by the -f option.  This is not a filename;
                     the ``.flf'' suffix is not printed.

              4 Output width.
                     This will print the  value  FIGlet  would  use  for  out-
                     putwidth,  the  number of columns wide FIGlet assumes the
                     screen is.  It is affected by the -w and -t options.

              5 Supported font formats.
                     This will list font formats supported by FIGlet .  Possi-
                     ble formats are ``flf2'' for FIGfont Version 2 .flf files
                     and ``tlf2'' for TOIlet .tlf files.

              If infocode is any other positive value, FIGlet will simply exit
              without printing anything.

       -X     These  options  control  whether  FIGlet prints left-to-right or
              right-to-left.  -L selects left-to-right printing.   -R  selects
              right-to-left printing.  -X (default) makes FIGlet use whichever
              is specified in the font file.

              Once the options are read, if there are any remaining  words  on
              the command line, they are used instead of standard input as the
              source of text.  This feature allows shell scripts  to  generate
              large letters without having to dummy up standard input files.

              An empty argument, obtained by two sequential quotes, results in
              a line break.


       To use FIGlet with its default settings, simply type

              example% figlet

       and then type whatever you like.

       To change the font, use the -f option, for example,

              example% figlet -f script

       Use the -c option if you would prefer centered output:

              example% figlet -c

       If figlet gets its input from a file, it is often a good  idea  to  use

              example% figlet -p < myfile

       Of course, the above can be combined:

              example% figlet -ptk -f shadow < anotherfile
              example% figlet -cf slant

       Finally,  if  you  want  to have FIGlet take the input from the command
       line instead of a file:

              example% figlet Hello world

   Other Things to Try
       On many systems nice effects can be obtained from the lean font by pip-
       ing it through tr.  Some you might want to try are the following:

              example% figlet -f lean | tr ' _/' ' ()'
              example% figlet -f lean | tr ' _/' './\\'
              example% figlet -f lean | tr ' _/' ' //'
              example% figlet -f lean | tr ' _/' '/  '

       Similar  things  can  be done with the block font and many of the other
       FIGlet fonts.


       You can compress the fonts and controlfiles  using  the  zip  archiving
       program.   Place  only  one  font  or  controlfile in each archive, and
       rename the archive file (which will have a name ending in .zip) back to
       .flf  or  .flc as the case may be.  If you don't rename the file appro-
       priately, FIGlet won't be able to find it.

       FIGlet does not care what the filename within the .zip archive is,  and
       will process only the first file.

       The  .zip  format  was chosen because tools to create and manipulate it
       are widely available for free on many platforms.


       Here are a few notes about some of the fonts provided with FIGlet.  You
       can get many other font from the Web site
       http://www.figlet.org/    This  location should also contain the latest
       version of FIGlet and other related utilities.

       The ivrit font is a right-to-left font including both Latin and  Hebrew
       FIGcharacters;  the  Latin  characters  are those of the standard font.
       The available controlfiles are ilhebrew, which maps the letters you get
       by typing on a U.S. keyboard as if it were a Hebrew keyboard; ushebrew,
       which makes a reasonable mapping from Latin letters to Hebrew ones; and
       8859-8,  which  supports  mixed  Latin/Hebrew  text.   Warning:  FIGlet
       doesn't support bidirectional text, so everything will come out  right-
       to-left, even Latin letters.

       The fonts terminal, digital, and bubble output the input character with
       some decoration around it (or no decoration, in the case of  terminal).
       The  characters  coded  128 to 159, which have varying interpretations,
       are output as-is.  You can use the appropriate controlfiles to  process
       Latin-2, Latin-3, or Latin-4 (but not Latin-5) text, provided your out-
       put device has screen or printer fonts that are appropriate  for  these
       character sets.

       Two  script fonts are available: script, which is larger than standard,
       and smscript, which is smaller.

       The font lean is made up solely of `/' and `_' sub-characters; block is
       a straight (non-leaning) version of it.

       The  font mini is very small, and especially suitable for e-mail signa-

       The font banner looks like the output of the banner program;  it  is  a
       capitals  and  small capitals font that doesn't support the ISO Latin-1
       extensions to plain ASCII.  It  does,  however,  support  the  Japanese
       katakana  syllabary;  the  controlfile  uskata  maps the upper-case and
       lower-case Latin letters into the 48 basic katakana characters, and the
       controlfile  jis0201  handles  JIS  0201X  (JIS-Roman)  mixed Latin and
       katakana text.  Furthermore, the banner  font  also  supports  Cyrillic
       (Russian)  FIGcharacters;  the  controlfile 8859-5 supports mixed Latin
       and Cyrillic text, the controlfile koi8r supports  the  popular  KOI8-R
       mapping  of  mixed text, and the controlfile moscow supports a sensible
       mapping from Latin to Cyrillic, compatible with the  moscow  font  (not

       The fonts mnemonic and safemnem support the mnemonic character set doc-
       umented in RFC 1345.  They implement a large subset  of  Unicode  (over
       1800  characters)  very  crudely, using ASCII-based mnemonic sequences,
       and are good for getting a quick look at UTF-8 unicode files, using the
       controlfile utf8.


       file.flf            FIGlet font file
       file.flc            FIGlet control file

       determine the terminal width.

       FIGlet also prints an explanatory message if the -F option is given  on
       the  command  line.  The earlier version of FIGlet, version 2.0, listed
       the available fonts when the -F option was given.  This option has been
       removed  from  FIGlet 2.1.  It has been replaced by the figlist script,
       which is part of the standard FIGlet package.


       ``FIGlet'' stands for ``Frank, Ian and Glenn's LETters''.  Inspired  by
       Frank's .sig, Glenn wrote (most of) it, and Ian helped.

       Most  of the standard FIGlet fonts were inspired by signatures on vari-
       ous UseNet articles.  Since typically hundreds of people use  the  same
       style of letters in their signatures, it was often not deemed necessary
       to give credit to any one font designer.


       Very little error checking is done on font and  control  files.   While
       FIGlet  tries  to  be forgiving of errors, and should (hopefully) never
       actually crash, using an improperly-formatted  file  with  FIGlet  will
       produce unpredictable output.

       FIGlet  does not handle format characters in a very intelligent way.  A
       tab character is converted to a blank, and vertical-tab, form-feed  and
       carriage-return are each converted to a newline.  On many systems, tabs
       can be handled better by piping  files  through  expand  before  piping
       through FIGlet.

       FIGlet  output  is  quite  ugly if it is displayed in a proportionally-
       spaced font.  I suppose this is to be expected.

       Please report any errors you find in this man page or  the  program  to


       You  can  get many fonts which are not in the basic FIGlet package from
       the Web site http://www.figlet.org/   It should also contain the latest
       version of FIGlet and other utilities related to FIGlet.


       Glenn  Chappell did most of the work.  You can e-mail him but he is not
       an e-mail fanatic; people who e-mail Glenn will probably  get  answers,
       but if you e-mail his best friend:

       Ian Chai, who is an e-mail fanatic, you'll get answers, endless conver-
       sation about the mysteries of life, invitations to join some 473  mail-
       ing  lists and a free toaster.  (Well, ok, maybe not the free toaster.)

       Frank inspired this whole project with his .sig, but don't e-mail  him;
       he's decidedly an un-e-mail-fanatic.

       Gilbert  "The  Mad  Programmer" Healton added the -A option for version
       2.1.1.  This option specified input from the command line; it is  still
       allowed, but has no effect.

       John  Cowan  added  the -o, -s, -k, -S, and -W options, and the support
       for Unicode mapping tables, ISO 2022/HZ/Shift-JIS/UTF-8 input, and com-
       pressed  fonts  and control files.  He also revised this documentation,
       with a lot of input from Paul Burton.

       Claudio Matsuoka added the support for .tlf files for version 2.2.4 and
       performs random hacks and bugfixes.

       As a fan of FIGlet, Christiaan Keet revised the official  FIGlet  docu-
       mentation  and  set up the new FIGlet website at http://www.figlet.org/
       (and the corresponding ftp://ftp.figlet.org/pub/figlet/)

v2.2.5                            31 May 2012                        FIGLET(6)

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